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February 2011 Archive of Scientific Literature Reviews

Greenland's Outlet Glaciers (1 Feb 2011)
Recent rates of mass loss in Greenland's outlet glaciers are found to be transient and "should not be extrapolated into the future"... Read More
Elevated CO2 Leads to More Nutritious Spinach ... and More of It! (1 Feb 2011)
In addition to enhancing both fresh and dry weights of the plant, elevated CO2 also raised the quantity of several nutritious substances... Read More
Ocean Acidification and Marine Coccolithophores (1 Feb 2011)
Data presented by the authors suggest that "in the real ocean the larger coccolithophore species increase their calcification in response to anthropogenic CO2 release," which real-world finding is contrary to what is typically claimed by the theoretical projections of the alarmists... Read More
Dengue Fever in a Warming World (1 Feb 2011)
Whatever advantages rising temperatures may confer upon the dengue virus vector, they can be more than overcome by proper implementation of modern vector control techniques... Read More
Summer Ice Melt on Eurasian Arctic Ice Caps (1 Feb 2011)
Conditions during the middle of the past century seem to have been even more extreme than they have been at any subsequent time... Read More
Responses of Coral Reef Fish to Changes in Coral Cover: French Polynesia (1 Feb 2011)
After a major disturbance, such as a bleaching episode, "the observed functional relationships in [the authors'] study suggest that biodiversity, trophic structure, and overall abundance of fishes could essentially recover to their pre-disturbance states after only a modest return in the cover of living coral"... Read More
Vector-Borne Diseases and Global Change (2 Feb 2011)
With respect to predicting vector-borne diseases in humans, the subject is extremely complex... Read More
Responses of Coral Reef Fish to Changes in Coral Cover: Australia (2 Feb 2011)
Reef fish diversity as reported byt the authors of this study was maintained despite large coral declines... Read More
Earth's Magnetic Field and Low-Latitude Precipitation (2 Feb 2011)
The authors provide support for a link "between cosmic ray particles, cloud formation, and climate, which is crucial to better understand how changes in solar activity impact the climate system"... Read More
Carbon and Nitrogen Storage in a Tallgrass Prairie Soil (2 Feb 2011)
Is it enhanced or reduced in a warmer environment?... Read More
Global Warming and Dengue Fever in Australia (2 Feb 2011)
Rather than futile attempts to limit dengue transmission by controlling the world's climate, the medical researchers recommend that "well resourced and functioning surveillance programs, and effective public health intervention capabilities, are essential to counter threats from dengue and other mosquito-borne diseases"... Read More
The Roman, Medieval and Current Warm Periods in the Northwestern Italian Alps (2 Feb 2011)
This study provides a double refutation of the climate-alarmist claim that late 20th-century temperatures were the warmest of the past two millennia. And it demonstrates that in this part of Europe, cooler periods have generally experienced more flooding than have warmer periods... Read More
Ocean Acidification and Marine Diatoms (8 Feb 2011)
Rather than supressing growth, photosynthetic carbon fixation was enhanced by 12% under the high CO2 and low pH conditions... Read More
Mosquito-Borne Diseases in Australia (8 Feb 2011)
"Climate change as currently projected, is not likely to provide great cause for public health concern with mosquito-borne disease in Australia"... Read More
Biofuels or Bioweeds? (8 Feb 2011)
"The costs associated with invasive species, even those that are deemed to be beneficial, in most cases, outweigh the benefits that accrue from their use"... Read More
The Virtues of Thyme (8 Feb 2011)
Are they affected by atmospheric CO2 enrichment?... Read More
The Struggle to Curtail Global Warming (8 Feb 2011)
A new study unveils a climate-alarmist recipe to justify a worldwide war against anthropogenic CO2 emissions without having to provide any hard evidence for decades -- or longer! -- that their prescription for winning the war is having any impact at all on earth's temperature... Read More
Medieval Droughts of Northern Europe and Beyond (8 Feb 2011)
Evidence continues to mount for a global and solar-induced Medieval Warm (and Dry!) Period, which likely eclipsed (in both categories) what the world has so far experienced during the Current Warm Period... Read More
The Prospects for Increased Pigeon Pea Production in India (8 Feb 2011)
The authors report finding "a significant positive increase of harvest index at elevated CO2 with an increment of 30.7% over ambient values"... Read More
Extreme Heat vs. Extreme Cold: Which is the Greatest Killer? (9 Feb 2011)
It's really a no-brainer. An episode of extreme cold can shave an entire decade off one's life, while an episode of extreme warmth typically hastens death by no more than a few weeks... Read More
Drought in the U.S. Corn Belt (9 Feb 2011)
Major droughts have occurred in both cooler and warmer times in the past, and they will do so again... Read More
British and Irish Seabirds (9 Feb 2011)
The seabirds of Britain and Ireland have been "remarkably resilient to environmental change in the 20th century"... Read More
A 450-Year History of Flooding in Southern Germany (9 Feb 2011)
Once again, the model-based claims appear to be 180 degrees out of phase with reality... Read More
The Impact of Global Warming on Viral Diseases (9 Feb 2011)
The most significant cause of enhanced viral diseases in recent years has not been global warming.... Read More
The Folly of Biofuels (9 Feb 2011)
Only on the most productive arable land does biofuel agriculture turn a profit; and that profit comes not from normal economic considerations, but from farm subsidies paid by the government or the population at large... Read More
Droughts of the Northwestern U.S. Snake River Basin (15 Feb 2011)
Droughts of the recent past in the Snake River Basin are eclipsed by a "sustained low-flow period lasting for over 30 years in the early to mid-1600s," demonstrating that there has been nothing unusual, unnatural or unprecedented about the early 21st-century drought experienced in this region... Read More
Opiate Production by Poppies (15 Feb 2011)
Ziska et al. conclude that "as atmospheric CO2 continues to increase, significant effects on the production of secondary plant compounds of pharmacological interest (i.e. opiates) could be expected"... Read More
A Century of Drought in Southern South America (15 Feb 2011)
20th-century global warming has not promoted an increase in droughts over the southern third of South America... Read More
Temperature and Precipitation Extremes: Models vs. Reality (15 Feb 2011)
If climate model results are utilized as the basis for mandating a complete overhaul of the world's energy system, the models should possess considerably more skill than what is evidenced in this study... Read More
Breeding and Feeding Cycles in Great and Blue Tits (15 Feb 2011)
Many people are worried that, as the world warms, mismatches may occur among various life cycle stages of earth's plants, the insects that feed upon them, and numerous species of animals, such as birds, that feed upon insects and provide them as food for their young; and authors Matthysen et al. investigate this potentential mismatch for a couple of bird species... Read More
Dynamics of Infectious Diseases (15 Feb 2011)
A review paper examines the possible impacts of climate change on the spread of infectious diseases, concluding that "any expectation of a simple consistent response to climate change, i.e., a universal worsening of the situation, is ill founded"... Read More
Coral Reef Degradation: Anthropogenic-Induced or Natural? (15 Feb 2011)
Most assessments of changing reef conditions "fail to consider the additional, but potentially significant, underlying influence a reef's age and evolutionary state exert on its contemporary ecological status and accretionary potential"... Read More
Evolving Ideas about Climate and Human Disease (16 Feb 2011)
Although we now well know that a warmer world is not necessarily a sicker world, there is much we still can learn about this important subject... Read More
Vascular Plant Richness on Mountain Summits of Southern Norway (16 Feb 2011)
In contrast to alarmist predictions, warming has increased the biodiversity of vascular plants in this region... Read More
Climate Model Problems: Clouds and Precipitation (16 Feb 2011)
Cloud resolving models still have a long way to go before they are ready for "prime time" in the complex quest to properly assess the roles of various types of clouds and forms of precipitation in the future evolution of earth's climate in response to variations in numerous anthropogenic and background forcings... Read More
Great Cormorants on Greenland (16 Feb 2011)
Will they benefit from a warming Arctic?... Read More
Climate Change and Infectious Diseases (16 Feb 2011)
Will global warming lead to dramatic increases in the incidence of various infectious diseases, as climate alarmists claim it will?... Read More
More CO2 Enrichment Work on Wine Grapes (16 Feb 2011)
An experimentally-imposed -- and very modest -- 135-ppm increase in the atmosphere's CO2 concentration had a remarkable positive impact on the net photosynthetic rates of the grapevines, as well as their final yields... Read More
Cyclones of the Tropical South Pacific (22 Feb 2011)
The lack of linear trends in four cyclone parameters analyzed "implies that there is as yet no evidence for climate-change forcing of these storm characteristics over recent historical times" ... Read More
Climate Change and Infectious Diseases: Unfinished Business (22 Feb 2011)
The health catastrophes that are routinely predicted to occur by the world's climate alarmists in response to future global warming are not yet ready for prime-time consideration ... Read More
Old Trees Doing it Better than Young Trees: Responding to CO2 (22 Feb 2011)
Old-growth ponderosa pine forests of the northern Rockies have benefited from the effects of increasing atmospheric CO2 and those benefits are increasing with tree age ... Read More
The Modeling of Global Soil Wetness (22 Feb 2011)
How important is the task? ... and how well are models performing it? ... Read More
Effects of Seawater Acidification on Phytoplankton Growth Rates (22 Feb 2011)
Results indicated that marine phytoplankton "are resistant to climate change in terms of ocean acidification, and do not increase or decrease their growth rates according to ecological relevant ranges of pH and free CO2" ... Read More
Summer and Winter Deaths in Brisbane, Australia (22 Feb 2011)
Extremes of cold lead to the deaths of many more people than extremes of heat in both cold and warm climates ... Read More
The Geckos of Pemba Island, Tanzania (22 Feb 2011)
To what degree are they threatened by a projected warming of IPCC-predicted magnitude? ... Read More
Simulating 21st-Century Precipitation (23 Feb 2011)
Current climate models "cannot reliably predict changes in tropical precipitation extremes" ... Read More
Old Trees Refusing to Retire (23 Feb 2011)
They just keep on growing, and growing ever better ... Read More
Soil Moisture Trends: IPCC Simulations vs. Real-World Observations (23 Feb 2011)
Climate models employed in the IPCC's Fourth Assessment are clearly deficient in their ability to correctly simulate soil moisture trends, even when applied to the past and when driven by observed climate forcings ... Read More
Millennial-Scale Cycling of Climate in China's Salawusu River Valley (23 Feb 2011)
Ever more evidence continues to point to a natural millennial-scale cycling of earth's climate between relatively cooler and warmer conditions throughout the Holocene, suggesting that the recent recovery of the world from the global chill of the Little Ice Age was only to be expected, and that it need not have been driven by anthropogenic CO2 emissions, as it's time had merely come ... Read More
Arctic vs. Global Air Temperature Change (23 Feb 2011)
A model that performs well in one time period will not necessarily perform well in another time period ... Read More
The Future of Mediterranean Forests (23 Feb 2011)
Previous reports of species decline in continental Spain "may be overestimated due to two reasons: the use of only one predictive niche-based model, and the failure to account for possible effects of CO2 fertilization" ... Read More