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January 2011 Archive of Scientific Literature Reviews

Autumn and Winter Storms of the Eastern Canadian Arctic (5 Jan 2011)
Have they been doing what the local Inuit claim they have been doing?... Read More
Atmospheric Blocking and Extreme Weather Events (5 Jan 2011)
It is frequently suggested that global warming will lead to more extreme weather including heat waves and cold waves. Both observational data and model projections of atmospheric blocking events suggest otherwise... Read More
Dengue Epidemics in Taiwan (5 Jan 2011)
What causes them?... Read More
Past Rapid Warming Event Increased Plant Diversity and Promoted Speciation (5 Jan 2011)
The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum that occurred 56.3 million years ago provides an interesting analog for the survival of tropical forests in spite of global warming-related projections to the contrary... Read More
Thinking Outside the Climate Envelope (5 Jan 2011)
There's more than one way to skin the global-warming catastrophe... Read More
Most of Antarctica is Not Warming, New Study Reveals (5 Jan 2011)
The polar regions are supposed to be the poster child for global warming, but Antarctica seems to be bucking this trend... Read More
The Soil Carbon Stock of Northern China's Grasslands (5 Jan 2011)
How has it changed over the past two decades?... Read More
Cold Periods Caused Population Crashes in China Over the Past Millenium (6 Jan 2011)
Global warming or global cooling - which is better for the population of the planet?... Read More
Winter Snow Depths in Northern China (6 Jan 2011)
How have they varied over the past three decades? ... and what have been the consequences for the country's vegetation?... Read More
Species Distribution Models are Not Able to Predict Future Climate Impacts (6 Jan 2011)
Species distribution models (SDMs) are a primary tool used for making predictions of future geographic ranges of species under different climate warming scenarios. If the future range of a species is reduced or moves farther than the species can migrate in the time frame considered, then it is assumed the extinction risk for that species is increased or is high. This technique has led to widespread predictions of massive future extinctions. In this paper the utility of these models is evaluated... Read More
Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment and Tropical Seagrass Growth (6 Jan 2011)
How does the former affect the latter? ... and what are the larger ecological implications?... Read More
Natural Variability, Not CO2, Accounts for Late 20th Century Warming (6 Jan 2011)
A critical but difficult question to answer is how much of the warming of the past 100 years is due to human activity. Climate alarmists suggest most if not all is due to anthropogenic causes. A new paper suggests otherwise... Read More
Relict Reefs of the Past: Substrates for Reefs of the Future? (6 Jan 2011)
Unlike some life forms, which are claimed to have "nowhere to run, no place to hide" in response to possible future global warming, reefs do!... Read More
A Brief History of Northwest Australian Tropical Cyclones (11 Jan 2011)
Interannual tropical cyclone (TC) variability of the northwest Australian ocean basin exhibited "no significant linear trends in either mean annual TC frequencies or TC days," and there was also "no trend in the number of intense TCs" for the region either... Read More
The Impact of Urbanization on the Surface Carbon Balance (11 Jan 2011)
Urbanization has lead to an amplification of carbon sequestration in the vegetation and soils of urban ecosystems of Europe, which has "led to a net increase of [the] carbon sink in Europe"... Read More
The Glaciers of Kilimanjaro (11 Jan 2011)
What dictates their comings and goings?... Read More
Tree-Trunk Tombs Tell Tales of Temperatures Past (11 Jan 2011)
Scientists document the existence of the Medieval Warm Period in China, further illustrating the global nature of a period the climate alarmists deny existed outside of Europe... Read More
Turning Up the Temperature on the Red King Crab (11 Jan 2011)
How much heat can it handle?... Read More
In Vitro and Ex Vitro Growth of an Epiphytic CAM Orchid (11 Jan 2011)
Plantlets grown under CO2 enrichment yielded benefits with "far-reaching implications" for the micropropagation of Phalaenopsis, and possibly other plants as well... Read More
A 1600-Year Temperature History of Tropical South America (11 Jan 2011)
The authors' findings add to the growing body of evidence that demonstrates the global extent of the millennial-scale oscillation of climate that produced both the MWP and the LIA, and which has likely been responsible for the bulk of the warming that has led to the establishment of the Current Warm Period... Read More
Climatic Conditions in the Fjord Area of Southern Chile (12 Jan 2011)
How have they varied over the past eighteen centuries?... Read More
Photosynthetic Responses of Seedlings of Two Eucalyptus Species to Increases in the Atmosphere's Temperature and CO2 Concentration (12 Jan 2011)
When water and nutrient supplies were not limiting, photosynthesis of eucalypt seedlings strongly increased with rising CO2 concentration and temperature... Read More
Terrestrial Plant Responses to Global Warming (12 Jan 2011)
Most models predict that climate warming will increase the release of carbon dioxide from the terrestrial biosphere into the atmosphere, thus triggering positive climate-terrestrial carbon feedback which leads to a warmer climate. However, a new study by Lin et al. (2010) suggests otherwise... Read More
Your "Carbon Legacy" (12 Jan 2011)
The results of this study signal a possible future legislative solution that may be on the horizon if proponents of large CO2 emission reductions have their way with the USA. And what it is may surprise if not shock you... Read More
Cash-Crop Halophytes in a CO2-Enriched World (12 Jan 2011)
Elevated CO2 increased the net photosynthesis, water use efficiency, and survival of a naturally salt tolerant plant... Read More
Earth's Freshwater Resources of the Past Two Millennia (12 Jan 2011)
How have they varied? ... and what does the result portend for the future of mankind?... Read More
Extreme Precipitation Events in the Hawaiian Islands (19 Jan 2011)
In almost every conceivable way the subject could possibly be analyzed, Chu et al. determined that the precipitation predictions of the IPCC had not only not been realized throughout the part of the Pacific that is home to the Hawaiian Islands, but that just the opposite had occurred there, once again demonstrating the degree to which the climate models employed by the IPCC fail to represent reality... Read More
Grassland Species Richness and Soil Carbon Sequestration (19 Jan 2011)
How does ecosystem biodiversity impact the rate at which carbon is removed from the atmosphere and sequestered in the soils of grasslands?... Read More
Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment Effects on Agricultural Plant Roots are Providing the Foundation for a New-and-Improved "Green Revolution" (19 Jan 2011)
What more aboveground CO2 causes to happen beneath the soil surface enhances what it causes to occur in the air up above... Read More
Millennial-Scale Cycling of Climate, Southeast Scotland (19 Jan 2011)
Langdon et al.'s work adds to the growing body of evidence supporting the existence of a millennial-scale cycling of earth's climate that results in alternating phases of several-century-long periods of warmer and cooler temperatures... Read More
Enchytraeid Worm Responses to CO2, Warming and Drought (19 Jan 2011)
Experimentally-imposed warming had no significant impact on enchytraeid biomass production and plots enriched with CO2 ameliorated the effects of drought... Read More
The Little Medieval Warm Period in Northeastern China (19 Jan 2011)
Accumulating evidence from around the world seems to indicate that in addition to the primary Medieval Warm Period, the "Little" Medieval Warm Period -- which occurred just before the earth slipped into the Little Ice Age -- may also have experienced air temperatures that were warmer than those of the Current Warm Period.... Read More
Fertilization in Coastal Marine Invertebrates in a CO2-Enriched and Warmer World (19 Jan 2011)
Simply put, "there was no significant effect"... Read More
Global Warming and Ecosystem Species Richness (20 Jan 2011)
The expansion of species distributions along their cooler boundaries in response to rising temperatures "appears to be a consistent biological consequence of recent climate warming"... Read More
Acclimation Responses of Fruit Flies to Environmental Warming (20 Jan 2011)
How significant are they? ... and are they shared by any other insects?... Read More
Red Wines of the Future (20 Jan 2011)
Good news for wine lovers, "the predicted rise in CO2 might strongly stimulate grapevine photosynthesis and yield without causing negative impacts on the quality of grapes and red wine"... Read More
Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment of a C4 Halophyte (20 Jan 2011)
How does it respond to a near-doubling of the air's CO2 content?... Read More
Gullies Galore in Slovakia (20 Jan 2011)
Extreme and destructive rainfall events were much more common throughout Slovakia during the Little Ice Age than they have been subsequently, which view runs counter to that of most climate alarmists, who tend to equate such destructive precipitation events and the flooding they cause with global warming... Read More
The Megadroughts of Monsoon Asia (20 Jan 2011)
Proxy reconstructions of precipitation reveal a series of monsoon droughts during the mid 14th-15th centuries that each lasted for "several years to decades," which megadroughts "have no analog during the instrumental period"... Read More
Impacts Assessments Systematically Overestimate Net Damages from Global Warming (25 Jan 2011)
In this lengthy treatise it is shown that not only are negative impacts overestimated, but positive impacts are underestimated... Read More
Polar Bears Reproduce Faster Than Previously Thought (25 Jan 2011)
Combining genetic data with field observations has led to the discovery that polar bears reproduce faster than previously thought, which has major implications for modeling future populations and the status of polar bears as "threatened" under the ESA... Read More
Precipitation: Models vs. Reality (25 Jan 2011)
State-of-the-art weather and climate models have "little skill" in reproducing observed precipitation over earth's oceans... Read More
Improving GCMs through the Representation of Aerosol Composition (25 Jan 2011)
Roesler and Penner (2010) in the title of their article ask the question; "Can GCMs Ignore Aerosol Compostion?" Using a microphysical model, they test the impact of aerosols by size and composition on the concentration of cloud droplets across the United States by region and season, finding that aerosol size distributions and compositions cannot be ignored since these influence cloud droplet concentrations and ultimately the cloud albedo... Read More
Climate Models Fail to Match Observed Historical Data (25 Jan 2011)
A key consideration for placing confidence in climate models is the extent to which they mimic actual climate. Surprisingly few analyses of this critical factor have been performed. The results of this new study, however, do not support the contention that the model simulations become more accurate as one goes to larger spatial scales and longer term averages... Read More
The Effect of Climate Change on Malaria in Western Africa (25 Jan 2011)
The finding of a new study "contradicts the prevailing theory that climate and malaria prevalence are closely linked and also negates the idea that climate change will increase malaria transmission in [Africa]"... Read More
Temperatures of the Past Six Millennia in Alaska (25 Jan 2011)
Even with the help of the supposedly unprecedented anthropogenic-induced increase in the atmosphere's CO2 concentration that occurred over the course of the 20th century, the Current Warm Period has not achieved anywhere near the warmth of the MWP or RWP here in the Arctic, which suggests that the climatic impact of the 20th-century increase in the air's CO2 content has been negligible... Read More
Another Analysis of Biofuel Pros and Cons (26 Jan 2011)
Yet another study concludes that "biofuels produced from crops using conventional agricultural practices will not mitigate the impacts of climate change," but that they will instead "exacerbate stresses on water supplies, water quality, and land use, compared with petroleum fuels"... Read More
Mont Blanc Glaciated Areas Not Affected by 20th Century Climate Change (26 Jan 2011)
Small ice thickness changes, less than 3 m on the average, suggest high-elevation Mont Blanc glaciated areas have not been significantly affected by the 20th century climate change... Read More
Moose on the Loose in a Warming Canadian Environment (26 Jan 2011)
Turns out these large animals "are more resilient to temperature than previously thought"... Read More
The Fate of Tropical Rainforests in a Super CO2-Enriched and Warmer World (26 Jan 2011)
A look at the distant past provides a tantalizing view of the potentially bright future of earth's tropical ecosystems... Read More
Have Natural Variations in the Arctic and North Atlantic Region influenced Recent Global Temperatures? (26 Jan 2011)
Semenov et al. (2010) shows that interdecadal variability in the Northern Hemisphere may be a significant driver in the global temperature rises of the early and later part of the 20th century. These natural variations are related to such phenomena as the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) or the Atlantic Multidecadal Variability (AMV) mode. However, models still struggle to capture the interdecadal variability as it exists in nature... Read More
Interactive Effects of Elevated CO2, Excessive Warmth and Water Stress on Photosynthesis and Growth of Canola (26 Jan 2011)
The ability of atmospheric CO2 enrichment to combat the deleterious effects of severe water and heat stress on plant growth and development is truly amazing... Read More