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March 2011 Archive of Scientific Literature Reviews

A Century of River Discharge Rates in Finland (1 Mar 2011)
They fail to substantiate what climate alarmists predict about the effects of planetary warming on floods and droughts... Read More
Surface Air Temperatures Over the Arctic Ocean (1 Mar 2011)
State-of-the-art climate models have a long way to go before they can adequately simulate even the past climate of the Arctic Ocean (much less predict its future), for in the words of the six scientists who evaluated them in this study, their creators have made "no obvious improvement" in the models' simulation ability since the time of the Third Assessment Report several years earlier... Read More
Eating Healthy in a CO2-Enriched World (1 Mar 2011)
The "yield and pharmaceutical quality of Malaysian young ginger varieties can be enhanced by controlled environment production and CO2 enrichment"... Read More
Climate Change and Australian Bushfire Property Losses (1 Mar 2011)
Data from Australia provide a stunning repudiation of Al Gore's Inconvenient-Truth claim of there having been a "steady increase in major wildfires" on every continent over the last half of the 20th century... Read More
Mid-Holocene Coral Mortality in the South China Sea (1 Mar 2011)
Results from a new paper suggest that many recent episodes of coral bleaching may have been caused by something other than unduly high SSTs, or that many of the cases of coral bleaching experienced over the past few decades that do indeed appear to have been precipitated by unseasonably high SSTs may have been "aided and abetted" by other more localized anthropogenic-induced factors that could have weakened the corals and made them more susceptible to heat-induced bleaching... Read More
Aerosol Properties of the Global Atmosphere As Input Data to Climate Models (1 Mar 2011)
Current assessments of greenhouse-gas forcing of climate made by the very best models in use today are "unsatisfactory" in their treatment of the global distribution of aerosol optical thickness and, especially, aerosol microphysical characteristics... Read More
The Role of Seagrasses in Earth's Carbon Cycle (1 Mar 2011)
What is it? ... and how is it impacted by rising atmospheric CO2 concentrations?... Read More
Simulating Arctic Cloud Cover and Sea Ice (2 Mar 2011)
The thinning of Arctic sea ice over the past half-century "can be explained by minuscule changes of the radiative forcing that cannot be detected by current observing systems and require only exceedingly small adjustments of the model-generated radiation fields," and, therefore, "the results of current GCMs cannot be relied upon at face value for credible predictions of future Arctic sea ice"... Read More
The Effect of Elevated Ozone on Methane Emissions from Peatlands (2 Mar 2011)
Only the fourth study to address the complex subject may be revealing what the future may hold for the CH4 contained in the world's peatlands... Read More
The Fire History of California's Lake Tahoe Basin (2 Mar 2011)
It suggests that the region's current mean annual temperature is nowhere near as high as it was during the Medieval Warm Period... Read More
Vector-Borne Diseases of the Very Recent Past in Central Europe (2 Mar 2011)
The two authors of this paper conclude that "it is due to continuing globalization rather than to climate change"... Read More
Three Decades of Modeling Climate Sensitivity to CO2 (2 Mar 2011)
How much progress has been made? ... and how much remains to be made?... Read More
The Global Spread of Dengue Fever (2 Mar 2011)
"There is no good evidence to suggest that the current geographic expansion of the dengue virus and its vectors has been or will be due to global warming"... Read More
Eurasian Arctic Temperatures of the Past 115 Years (8 Mar 2011)
A portion of the earth that is supposed to (1) be the first place on the planet to exhibit anthropogenic-induced global warming, and to (2) exhibit that warming most strongly, shows no net warming whatsoever over the last eight decades of the 20th century.... Read More
Earth's Thermal Sensitivity to a Doubling of Atmospheric CO2 (8 Mar 2011)
Lindzen and Choi report that all eleven models employed by the IPCC "agree as to positive feedback," but they find that they all disagree - and disagree "very sharply" - with the real-world observations that they (Lindzen and Choi) utilized, which imply that negative feedback actually prevails. And the presence of that negative feedback reduces the CO2-induced propensity for warming to the extent that their analysis of the real-world observational data only yields a mean SST increase "of ~0.5°C for a doubling of CO2"... Read More
The Resiliency of a Tropical Eastern-Pacific Coral Reef (8 Mar 2011)
Despite recurrent natural disturbances, "live coral cover in 2004 was as high as that existing before 1982 at La Azufrada"... Read More
Global Warming and Wildfires (8 Mar 2011)
In spite of evidence from prior centuries that global warming may indeed have had a tendency to promote wildfires on a global basis (since global cooling had a tendency to reduce them), technological developments during the industrial age appear to have overpowered this natural tendency to the point that man has become a dominant factor for good in actually leading to a decrease in global wildfires over the past century and a half... Read More
Surviving the Unprecedented Climate Change of the IPCC (8 Mar 2011)
Norwegian, Swedish and UK researchers urge "some caution in assuming broad-scale extinctions of species will occur due solely to climate changes of the magnitude and rate predicted for the next century," while noting that "the fossil record indicates remarkable biotic resilience to wide amplitude fluctuations in climate"... Read More
The Relative Merit of Multiple Climate Models (8 Mar 2011)
Not even a model's close replication of past reality insures that its projections of future reality will prove equally accurate... Read More
The Case Against Climate Envelope Models of Species Range Shifts (8 Mar 2011)
What three researchers learned from some Canadian conifers... Read More
Tropospheric Humidity and CO2-Induced Global Warming (9 Mar 2011)
"Negative trends in q as found in the NCEP data would imply that long-term water vapor feedback is negative - that it would reduce rather than amplify the response of the climate system to external forcing such as that from increasing atmospheric CO2"... Read More
Warming-Induced Vegetative Change in the Swedish Scandes (9 Mar 2011)
"Continued modest warming over the present century will likely be beneficial to alpine biodiversity, geological stability, resilience, sustainable reindeer husbandry and aesthetic landscape qualities," which outlook is a far, far cry from the "pushed off the planet" scenario supported by the IPCC and derived from highly-discredited climate envelope models of plant redistributions in response to the future climate changes... Read More
Global Warming and Malaria: Does the Former Promote the Latter? (9 Mar 2011)
"Future changes in climate may alter the prevalence and incidence of the disease, but obsessive emphasis on 'global warming' as a dominant parameter is indefensible"... Read More
The Late-1980 Extratropical Warming of the Northern Hemisphere (9 Mar 2011)
Is it well described by climate models? ... and was it anthropogenic induced?... Read More
The Top-of-the-Atmosphere Radiation Budget: Model Simulations vs. Direct Measurements over the Tropics (9 Mar 2011)
"None of the models simulates the overall 'net radiative heating' signature of the earth's radiative budget over the time period from 1985-2000".... Read More
The Green(leaf)ing of the Earth Continues (9 Mar 2011)
Over the period of time when the earth experienced a warming that (1) occurred at a rate that the IPCC contends was unprecedented over the past millennium or two, and that (2) took the planet to a level of warmth that the IPCC also considers to have been unprecedented over the past millennium or two, the Leaf Area Index of the planet's vegetation increased... Read More
Alpine Flora Dynamics in a Warming World (15 Mar 2011)
"Alpine flora appears to be more adaptive and responsive to climate change than generally believed"... Read More
Aerosol Radiative Forcing of Climate (15 Mar 2011)
We probably do not know the current atmosphere's aerosol radiative forcing to anything better that ± 100%, which does not engender confidence in our ability to simulate earth's climate very far into the future with state-of-the-art climate models... Read More
Future Forecasts of Food, Feed and Fuel Needs (15 Mar 2011)
"Commercial biomass production will compete with food crops for arable land and scarce fresh water resources"... Read More
Heat Shock Proteins in the Copper Butterfly (15 Mar 2011)
Their presence "might represent an adaptation to occasionally occurring heat spells"... Read More
Urban Warming in Jakarta, Indonesia (15 Mar 2011)
How much has it driven up central "old-city" temperatures over the past three decades?... Read More
Northern European and North Atlantic Storminess (15 Mar 2011)
The researchers of this analysis say their finding "lends a cautionary note to those who suggest that anthropogenic greenhouse warming probably results in enhanced extratropical storminess, as this is indicated neither by our own nor existing published observational results for the northeast Atlantic for the last ~150 years"... Read More
Rising Temperatures and Food-Borne Illnesses (15 Mar 2011)
How do the former affect the latter?... Read More
The Bleaching of Mentawai Island Corals During the 1997-98 El Niño (16 Mar 2011)
In late 1997 -- during the midst of a strong El Niño that pushed global mean temperature to a level of warmth that has not subsequently been eclipsed -- close to 100% of the coral and fish in the reef ecosystem of the Mentawai Islands (located southwest of Sumatra, Indonesia, in the equatorial eastern Indian Ocean) were killed. However, it was not the debilitating global warmth that led to their demise... Read More
High-Arctic Wet-Sedge Tundra Response to Regional Warming (16 Mar 2011)
The increase in biomass measured by the authors of this paper "indicates that the long-term ambient warming has stimulated the accumulation of carbon in this system"... Read More
The Impact of Warming on Photosynthesis in Wheat (16 Mar 2011)
The effects of future increases in air CO2 on photosynthetic electron transport and Rubisco kinetics "may improve the photosynthetic response of wheat to global warming"... Read More
A Shifting of Paradigms in the Study of Ice-Sheet Grounding Lines (16 Mar 2011)
Contrary to previously prevailing assumptions based on earlier analyses of the subject, the results of this analysis "demonstrate that gravity and deformation-induced sea-level changes local to the grounding line contribute a stabilizing influence on ice sheets grounded on reversed bed slopes"... Read More
Advances and Retreats of Alaska's Tebenkof Glacier (16 Mar 2011)
The central portion of the Medieval Warm Period in southern Alaska was likely significantly warmer/drier than it was at any time during the 20th century, or at any subsequent time during the period studies by the authors of this paper... Read More
Biofuel Blunders (16 Mar 2011)
All things considered, the cure that biofuels are supposed to provide for the imaginary climate-change problem currently not facing mankind is far, far worse than the non-problem they are supposed to solve... Read More
Trends in Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Characteristics (22 Mar 2011)
Sub-sampling of Tropical Cyclones (TCs) back in time artificially introduces increases in a wide array of TC characteristics, including "frequency of hurricanes and major hurricanes, duration of TCs, length of season, peak intensity, and integrated TC measures [like Accumulated Cyclone Energy (ACE) and Power Dissipation Index (PDI)]"... Read More
Eleven Years of CO2 Enrichment of a Scrub Oak Ecosystem (22 Mar 2011)
At the time of final harvest, the overall CO2-induced biomass stimulation was 67.5%... Read More
Effects of Elevated CO2 on Defensive Compounds in Bt-Transgenic and Non-Transgenic Cotton (22 Mar 2011)
We may expect cotton to become ever less susceptible to damage by the cotton bollworm as the air's CO2 content continues to rise... Read More
Earth's Incredible Dissolving Corals (22 Mar 2011)
Model calculations of coral calcification suggest that when the atmosphere's CO2 concentration reaches 560 ppm, all corals will cease to grow and start to dissolve; but real-world data indicate earth's reefs have a different opinion about the matter... Read More
Effects of Warming on a Tallgrass Prairie of the U.S. Great Plains (22 Mar 2011)
Do they hinder or enhance its productivity?... Read More
The West Antarctic Ice Sheet: How Fast Could It Collapse? (22 Mar 2011)
A model of West Antarctic Ice Sheet behavior, created in conjunction with empirical evidence, suggests it will not be disappearing any time soon... Read More
The West Antarctic Ice Sheet: Is It About to Self-Destruct? (22 Mar 2011)
A study of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet's behavior during the early Pliocene of five to three million years ago sheds new light on its future stability... Read More
The Response of Norwegian Sea Temperatures to Solar Forcing (23 Mar 2011)
It would appear that the sun has "outshined" nearly all other forcings of climate change on earth over the past millennium... Read More
Surface Greenhouse Gas Balance: Woodlands vs. Pastures (23 Mar 2011)
This study finds "there is a triple greenhouse-gas benefit from afforestation of pasture systems"... Read More
Why Plants Sometimes Migrate Downhill as Temperatures Rise (23 Mar 2011)
It may be a matter of moisture... Read More
The Impact of Urbanization on Indian Monsoon Rainfall (23 Mar 2011)
It is becoming ever more difficult to be able to distinguish what could be the primary cause of any net increase in the global frequency of intense rainfall events that might yet be detected over land... Read More
Forest Litter Production and Soil Carbon Sequestration (23 Mar 2011)
Results from this study suggest that "changes in litter inputs under elevated CO2 [slight decreases in nitrogen concentration but sizable increases in biomass] should lead to higher long-term carbon storage in soil," even "despite higher rates of soil respiration"... Read More
The Water Use Efficiency of Tropical Dry-Forest Trees (23 Mar 2011)
It has improved in response to the increase in the atmosphere's CO2 concentration that has been experienced over the past four decades... Read More
Sea Level Rise by the End of the 21st Century (29 Mar 2011)
Evidence points to the absence of tide-gauge data supporting any acceleration in the SL rise trend of the past century. This calls into question the many projections of rates of rise above this trend, which would be required for larger projected total increases due to AGW... Read More
Changes in Snowfall in the Southern Sierra Nevada of California Since 1916 (29 Mar 2011)
The supposedly unprecedented 20th century rise in air temperature has had no measurable effect on Sierra Nevada snowfall at Huntington Lake... Read More
Will Burning Fossil Fuels Reduce Baltic Cod Reproduction Rates? (29 Mar 2011)
In a word, no... Read More
Global Warming May Reduce the Risk of Heart Attacks in the United Kingdom (29 Mar 2011)
Cold temperatures have a far greater ability to increase the risk of myocardial infarction than warm temperatures... Read More
Global Warming and Urban Heat Islands (29 Mar 2011)
"Urban warming can be a biasing factor that may contaminate data used for monitoring the background temperature change"... Read More
Penguins Shown to Be Poor Indicators of Global Warming (29 Mar 2011)
A long-term study of banded vs. unbanded free-ranging king penguins, Aptenodytes patagonicus, concluded that banding has such a negative impact on breeding success that results from studies which include banded penguins should not be used to draw conclusions on the effects of global warming on the Antarctic ecosytem... Read More
Do Plants in Mountainous Areas Always Migrate Uphill in Response to Warming? (29 Mar 2011)
Temperature is not the all-important factor when it comes to determining how plants will migrate in the face of a suite of multiple climatic factors in a state of flux... Read More
Availability of Land for Biofuel Production - But That is Only Part of the Story (30 Mar 2011)
Even if there is sufficient land to theoretically meet the world's need for food and have sufficient land left over to produce such biofuel feedstock that does not mean that such biofuel production will not affect food prices, food availability, and global hunger and poverty rates... Read More
Japanese Rainfall: Predictions vs. Observations (30 Mar 2011)
Climate model projections of increased Baiu rainfall in response to global warming induced by increasing concentrations of atmospheric greenhouse gases -- over a period of time when the world's climate alarmists claim the earth warmed at a rate and to a level that were both unprecedented over the past millennium or more -- are simply not correc... Read More
Getting to the "Core" of Output Differences as Produced by Climate Models (30 Mar 2011)
Using a simplified atmospheric GCM, Kondrashov et al. (2011) investigate the behavior of the interactions between internal atmospheric dynamic processes depending on how these processes are represented in the model. These dynamics can be represented in a linear or non-linear fashion. This article is an important recent contribution in that it highlights the difficulties climate models still have in just representing the basic observed atmospheric physics in a consistent way... Read More
C4 Weeds Competing with C3 Crops: Barnyard Grass vs. Rice (30 Mar 2011)
Rising atmospheric CO2 concentration could alter the competition between rice and barnyard grass in paddy fields in favor of rice... Read More
Extreme Weather: More heat waves or colder and snowier winters? (30 Mar 2011)
Results from this study suggest that "changes in litter inputs under elevated CO2 [slight decreases in nitrogen concentration but sizable increases in biomass] should lead to higher long-term carbon storage in soil," even "despite higher rates of soil respiration"... Read More
The Uniqueness of British Columbia's Medieval Warm Period (30 Mar 2011)
At the province's Felker Lake, the warmth and dryness of the MWP was the most extreme of the entire Holocene... Read More