FAIL (the browser should render some flash content, not this).

November 2011 Archive of Scientific Literature Reviews

Fifty Years of Tropical Cyclones Impacting China (1 November 2011)
For the whole of China and essentially all of its component parts, major measures of tropical cyclone impact have either remained constant or slightly decreased, which is quite different from what the IPCC has been predicting for the world as a whole over the past decade or more... Read More
Natural Selection in a Species of Fruit Fly (1 November 2011)
Has it been occurring in response to global warming?... Read More
Temporal Derivative of Total Solar Irradiance and Anomalous Indian Summer Monsoon: Empirical Evidence for a Sun-Climate Connection (1 November 2011)
The authors examined the relationship of the rate of change of total solar irradiance (TSI) and terrestrial climate, finding that most severe droughts recorded in India were during the episodes of large negative TSI derivatives... Read More
The Transport of Volcanic Ash Following an Eruption in a GCM (1 November 2011)
Volcanism is known to be a mechanism that can cool climate on the time scale of months to years via the spread of aerosol ejected into the stratosphere and the concomitant increase in planetary albedo. A paper by Kravitz et al. (2011) uses data compiled from measurements around the world following a recent volcanic eruption and then compares these to output from a General Circulation Model ensemble. The goal was to examine the model's capability in distributing the material across the globe. The ability of the model to capture this process could have an effect on the projection of climate in at least the short term... Read More
The Thermal Tolerance of Kelp Crab Larvae (1 November 2011)
Even crab larvae, which are more vulnerable to thermal stress than adult crabs, have the capacity to successfully adjust to changing temperature regimes... Read More
The Medieval Warm Period (and Little Ice Age) in Coastal Syria (2 November 2011)
How does the peak warmth of the Medieval Warm Period compare with the peak warmth of the Current Warm Period in this part of the Middle East?... Read More
Food Demand and Availability for a Bird of Northern Finland (2 November 2011)
How is the food supply-and-demand situation impacted by global warming, in terms of a sufficient supply being available when the bird's hatchlings need it most? In contrast to prior no change results and poorer synchrony findings, Vatka et al. report that they not only "found no signs of emerging asynchrony," but that they found that synchrony actually improved during the study, and that it had moderate positive effects on breeding success, adding that the observed change in better synchrony mirrors results from the Netherlands... Read More
Solar Forcing of Winter Climate Variability in the Northern Hemisphere (2 November 2011)
It could be stronger that what had previously been thought possible... Read More
A Global Storm in the Making (2 November 2011)
In less than four decades, the battle for land and water to grow food and biofuels could envelop the entire planet... Read More
Livestock Ectoparasites in a Warming World (2 November 2011)
UK scientists conclude that the key message of their work is that "simple extrapolations of the known effects of temperature on ectoparasite development," in an attempt to "predict changes in disease incidence in a warmer climate," is simply "too simplistic"... Read More
Global Warming: The View from China (8 November 2011)
Is it as set-in-stone and as rabid as the view of the IPCC?... Read More
Seagrasses Lend Calcifying Macroalgae a Helping Hand (8 November 2011)
Local seawater pH increases caused by seagrass photosynthesis drive calcification in marine macroalgae... Read More
The MWP and LIA in the Ross Sea Region of Antarctica (8 November 2011)
Did the two distinctive climatic periods that climate alarmists often claim were only North Atlantic phenomena really extend all the way to Antarctica?... Read More
Elevated CO2 and Warming: Not Always Detrimental (8 November 2011)
The sea star Pisaster ochraceus appears to thrive in CO2-enriched and warmer waters... Read More
Holocene Fluctuations in Arctic Sea-Ice Cover (8 November 2011)
How do the most recent fluctuations compare with those of the past? ... and what are the ramifications of the answer?... Read More
"Doom and Boom" on Australia's Great Barrier Reef (9 November 2011)
A massive deadly bleaching event is followed by a spectacular coral recovery... Read More
Effects of Elevated CO2 on a Marine Antarctic Diatom (9 November 2011)
Uunder "saturating and limiting, as well as under dynamic and constant irradiance conditions, the marine Antarctic diatom C. brevis has the ability to adjust its cellular physiology in response to changing CO2 levels with minimal effects on growth and photosynthesis"... Read More
China's Tropical Cyclone Potential Impact Index (9 November 2011)
Once again -- and in a huge regional contradiction of the claims of the IPCC (2001, 2007), which are made for the world as a whole -- the work of Xiao et al. (2011) indicates that tropical cyclones impacting China have not been increasing in either frequency or ferocity over the past half-century or more... Read More
The Effect of a Half-Century of Warming on China's Irrigated Rice (9 November 2011)
As stated in the title of the Chinese scientists' paper, "global warming over the period 1961-2008 did not increase high-temperature stress," but it "did reduce low-temperature stress in irrigated rice across China," which made the warming of that period a net positive influence on irrigated rice production across the country... Read More
Three Thousand Years of Climate Change in Central Iceland (9 November 2011)
The research team's findings clearly suggest that there is nothing unusual, unnatural or unprecedented about the warmth of the post-1950 Current Warm Period... Read More
Upper Tropical Tropospheric Temperature: Simulations vs. Reality (15 November 2011)
AR4 GCMs "overestimate the warming in the tropics for 1979-2010," and the tropical surface temperature trend from the multi-model ensemble mean is more than 60% larger than that derived from observations... Read More
Regional Climate Modeling: Are Prospects for Improvement Dim or Brightening? (15 November 2011)
The work of Zubler et al. (2011) examines the regional tendencies of surface shortwave radiation (SSR) using a regional climate model. They found that when cloudiness was not accounted for, changes in SSR due to changes in anthropogenic emissions caused surface dimming from the late 1950s to the late 1970s, and then brightening following afterward. However, changes in the total sky (clear + clouds) SSR correlated strongly to changes in cloudiness and changes in the circulation. Then these were dominant over the anthropogenic emissions, and their exact representation in a model may not be important... Read More
Organismal Response to Ocean Acidification: The Role of Evolution (15 November 2011)
The former cannot be confidently known without a substantial knowledge of the latter... Read More
Millennial-Scale Cycling of Climate in Disko Bugt, West Greenland (15 November 2011)
Multi-century cycling of climate between relatively warmer and cooler conditions is quite normal. 20th-century global warming was only to be expected to occur when it did, and it can reasonably be expected that the region may warm even more before cooling again, for it still has a ways to go to equal the warmth of the Roman Warm Period or even the Medieval Warm Period, which in many locations was also warmer than it is currently... Read More
Polar Bears in the Deep Arctic Basin (15 November 2011)
The first systematic polar bear survey in the central Arctic Basin reveals bears (and their prey) over very deep water... Read More
Effects of Elevated CO2 on Nitrogen Gas Emissions from Desert Soil (16 November 2011)
Information gleaned about the subject from long-term studies conducted at the Nevada Desert FACE Facility northwest of Las Vegas reveal that the greater-than-60% reductions in reactive N gas fluxes during periods of peak N demand imply that elevated CO2 is "increasing the retention of biologically available N during critical growth periods," which is a major benefit for desert ecosystems... Read More
Identifying Natural Contributions to Late Holocene Climate Change (16 November 2011)
The authors have successfully constructed, through the technique of modern time series analyses, analytical climate models, in contrast to computer climate modeling, for temperature variations at Svalbard and Greenland accounting for the large cyclical natural variations on millennial and multicentennial timescales. The results of extrapolating the Greenland temperature variations to 2800 AD showed a relatively large cooling tendency which is in direct contradiction to the predicted warming from rising atmospheric CO2 scenarios... Read More
Biological Soil Crusts: Out of Small Things Come Those Which Are Great (16 November 2011)
And atmospheric CO2 enrichment makes them even greater!... Read More
Global Warming and the Greening of Northwest China (16 November 2011)
Over the 22 years examined in this study, when annual mean temperature increased by 0.06°C/year, "about 30% of the total vegetated area showed an annual increase of 0.7% in growing season NDVI," which trend "occurred in all biomes and all bioregions except Sawuer, a sub-region of the study area with no significant climate change"... Read More
Has the Magnitude of Floods Across the USA Changed with Global CO2 Levels? (16 November 2011)
Not according to the results of this latest study examining the USA... Read More
Predicting Future Climate: How Good Are Today's Models? (22 November 2011)
"Good enough for government work," as the saying goes, but apparently still lacking in many aspects of their ability to faithfully reproduce the climate of the past, which renders their ability to accurately portray the climate of the future rather questionable... Read More
Heat and Death in Vienna, Austria (22 November 2011)
Over the 38-year period studied, "some significant decreases of the sensitivity were found, especially in the medium heat stress levels"... Read More
The Case for a Quasi Sixty-Year North Atlantic Temperature Oscillation (22 November 2011)
What does the result imply about the sources and magnitude of historical global warming?... Read More
Earth's Marine Life Not Going "Quietly Into the Night" of Ocean Acidification (22 November 2011)
Life in the Earth's oceans may be threatened by declining seawater pH, but the crafty organisms don't just sit there and take it; they alter the character of the microenvironment that surrounds them in ways that help them to live long and prosper... Read More
Late Pleistocene Large Mammals that Went Extinct Had No Distinguishing Features (22 November 2011)
The authors suggest this study has implications for predicting the possible fates of living large-bodied, cold-adapted mammals should forecasted anthropogenic global warming come to pass. It is significant that the study found no distinguishing characteristics in the rate or pattern of decline in those species that went extinct compared to those that have survived and that all six species studied survived-and rebounded from-marked declines in their populations... Read More
Which is a More Important Determinant of Malaria -- Climate Change or Socioeconomic Development? (23 November 2011)
This study was designed to quantify the independent effects of climate and socio economic factors on the historical and future global distribution of malaria. It also provides estimates of their separate and combined contributions to the populations at risk of malaria... Read More
Thoughts on Species' Abilities to Survive Rapid Climate Change (23 November 2011)
Are Earth's plants and animals more capable of coping with the potential problem of rapid global warming than the IPCC suggests they are?... Read More
Chinese Forests to the End of the 21st Century (23 November 2011)
How will they fare in the face of business-as-usual anthropogenic CO2 emissions and Al Gore's climate crisis?... Read More
Old Growth Forests of Northeast China (23 November 2011)
For many years it had been assumed that forests reached their maximum productivity at an intermediate age, and that productivity declined thereafter in mature and old-growth stands, ultimately becoming neutral in terms of carbon sequestration or even negative, as they changed from carbon sinks to carbon sources. In recent years, however, this view has been radically revised, as several studies have demonstrated that very old stands of trees still function as sinks of atmospheric carbon, as demonstrated by the recent study of Zhou et al... Read More
Variation in Surface Air Temperature of China During the 20th Century (23 November 2011)
The authors find evidence for a persistent multi-decadal modulation of Chinese air temperature by solar forcing... Read More
The Next Forty Years of Hypothetical Global Warming (29 November 2011)
Has even the imaginary trend been significantly overestimated?... Read More
Global Climate Change: Effects on Euphausiids (29 November 2011)
Considered in their entirety, future shifts in euphausiid species abundance may well be viewed as positive developments, especially in light of the finding in this paper that both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans "will on average see an increase in species abundance per cell"... Read More
Surface Mass Balance of the Greenland Ice Sheet (29 November 2011)
With respect to the stability/longevity of the Greenland Ice Sheet, Ettema et al. state that "considerably more mass accumulates on the Greenland Ice Sheet than previously thought, adjusting upwards earlier estimates by as much as 63%," which suggests that the Northern Hemisphere's largest ice sheet is not in danger of disintegrating any time soon... Read More
Humanity's Future: Will There Be Enough Water ... to Grow Enough Food? (29 November 2011)
Prudence suggests that we pursue all avenues available to us to increase both individual plant water use efficiency and whole-field crop water use efficiency. Mankind's CO2 emissions may ultimately prove a godsend to humanity, as they just might make the difference between our being able to adequately feeding our expanding population in the very near future or our failing to do so in a catastrophe of unimaginable proportions... Read More
Late Holocene Water Balance in the Experimental Lakes Area of Canada (29 November 2011)
What does it reveal about the nature of past climate change there?... Read More
Soil Nitrites and Climate Change (30 November 2011)
To quote the international team of researchers, "because of enhanced fertilizer use and soil acidification in developing countries, the release of HONO from soil nitrite might strongly increase in the course of global change, resulting in elevated OH concentrations and amplified oxidizing capacity of the lower troposphere," which would, of course, tend to impede the warming that helped to initiate the phenomenon, illustrating yet another of the "checks and balances" built into Earth's amazingly complex climatic system, which has for eons maintained environmental conditions conducive to the continued existence of life upon its surface... Read More
Millennial Climate Variability Along the Coast of the Northwestern Iberian Peninsula (30 November 2011)
Once again, we find documentation for the millennial-scale oscillation of climate that has alternately brought the Earth both into and out of the Roman Warm Period, the Dark Ages Cold Period, the Medieval Warm Period, the Little Ice Age, and -- most recently -- into the Current Warm Period. And during all of these climatic transitions, except for the most recent one, there have been no significant changes in the atmosphere's CO2 concentration, which suggests that the transition out of the Little Ice Age and into the Current Warm Period likely had nothing at all to do with the concomitant increase in the air's CO2 content... Read More
Vegetation Dynamics of Spanish National Parks: 1981-2003 (30 November 2011)
Were the temporal trends predominantly positive or negative?... Read More
A Tropical Tree's Response to Modestly Elevated Atmospheric CO2 (30 November 2011)
In discussing their findings, Rasineni et al. note that elevated atmospheric CO2 "persistently enhanced all the growth characteristics in Gmelina, including plant height, number of branches, internodes, internodal distance, aerial biomass and total plant biomass"... Read More
Chinese Agriculture to the End of the 21st Century (30 November 2011)
Even in the face of the deleterious climate changes predicted to occur over the rest of the 21st century, when the concomitant aerial fertilization effect of the projected increase in the air's CO2 content is factored into the validated yield model employed by the seven scientists of this study, the net productivities of all five crops examined - when grown everywhere - rise over the entire study region, which should be a tremendous blessing to the people of China... Read More