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March 2012 Archive of Scientific Literature Reviews

Hot Times on the Tibetan Plateau (6 Mar 2012)
In contrast to climate-alarmist claims that temperatures near the end of the 20th century (which have not since been eclipsed) were unprecedented over the past couple of millennia, the eight researchers of this paper report that there were four periods when average temperatures were similar to "or even higher than" the mean of AD 1970-2000... Read More
Neotropical Tree, Shrub and Liana Species Richness (6 Mar 2012)
To what environmental factor is the species richness of the three woody-plant types most tightly coupled?... Read More
The High-Latitude Coral-Climate Correlation During the Holocene (6 Mar 2012)
What does the correlation look like? ... and what appears to have been the cause of it?... Read More
CO2 Enrichment of a Scrub-Oak Woodland Low in Nitrogen (6 Mar 2012)
Nature always seems to find a way to avoid the long-term negative consequences of the now-discredited progressive nitrogen limitation hypothesis... Read More
How Progressive Nitrogen Limitation to Growth May Be Avoided in CO2-Enriched Air (7 Mar 2012)
A study in Soil Biology & Biochemistry points the way towards an answer... Read More
The Top-of-the-Atmosphere Radiation Budget: Model Simulations vs. Direct Measurements over the Tropics (7 Mar 2012)
The failure of all of the AR4 climate models examined in this study to adequately simulate the Top-of-the-Atmosphere radiation measurements basically discredits them; and it reveals the irrationality of using those models to inform international policy with regard to the need (or non-need) to regulate anthropogenic CO2 emissions... Read More
Warming-Induced Changes in Life-History Traits of Water Striders (7 Mar 2012)
In the Kochi-Nankoku region of Japan, populations "are continuing to show adaptive change, apparently in relation to global warming"... Read More
Landfalling Tropical Cyclones of East Asia (7 Mar 2012)
None of the time series examined in this study showed a significant linear temporal trend, which suggests, in the word of the researchers who conducted the work, "that global warming has not led to more landfalls in any of the regions in Asia"... Read More
The European Heat Wave of 2003 (7 Mar 2012)
Results of a hindcast indicate that persistent dry soil moisture anomalies were central to understanding and predicting the event, revealing that a climate model needs sophisticated formulations of land-surface hydrology, radiation and convection in order to improve future predictions of heat waves... Read More
Anthropogenic-CO2-Induced Global Warming: Proven or Unproven? (13 Mar 2012)
The weight of real-world evidence continues to suggest that it is the recurrent millennial-scale cycling of Earth's mean global air temperature that has been responsible for the bulk of the warming of the 20th century, which could yet continue its upward course, level out, or begin a slow decline... Read More
Do Earth's Soils Contain Enough Nitrogen for Its Plants to Receive the Full Benefits of Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment? (13 Mar 2012)
Once again, experiment trumps theory. Wherever competent researchers have looked, the hypothesized progressive nitrogen limitation of the aerial fertilization effect of atmospheric CO2 enrichment has yet to be found, probably because it simply doesn't occur in the real world... Read More
Two Thousand Years of Dust Deposition in the Aral Sea (13 Mar 2012)
What do the data reveal about the nature of earth's current level of warmth? Simply that there is nothing unusual, unnatural or unprecedented about Earth's current level of warmth, which is merely an expected consequence of the millennial-scale cycling of climate that is a natural expression of one of the ways in which Earth's climate system operates... Read More
Summer Temperatures of Central Chile Back to AD 850 (13 Mar 2012)
The meticulous work of the five researchers who conducted this study clearly demonstrates the existence of both the Medieval Warm Period (MWP) and Little Ice Age in the Southern Hemisphere, as well as the fact that the MWP was warmer (and for a lot longer) than the Current Warm Period has been to date. Hence, there is nothing unusual, unnatural or unprecedented about the planet's current level of warmth -- or the rate at which it was achieved -- which further suggests there is no need to invoke current higher concentrations of atmospheric CO2 as the cause of these nondescript features of our current climate... Read More
A 2000-Year Temperature History of the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool (14 Mar 2012)
Based on a globally significant SST history, "enabling both a direct comparison of proxy data to the instrumental record and an evaluation of past changes in the context of twentieth century trends," there is now substantial evidence that throughout portions of both the Roman and Medieval Warm Periods, SSTs in the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool were essentially equivalent to those of "the late twentieth century," indicating -- once again -- that there is nothing unusual, unnatural or unprecedented about current air temperatures in this critically important region of the globe... Read More
Aerosol Radiative Forcing of Climate (14 Mar 2012)
The current atmosphere's aerosol radiative forcing is probably not known to anything better that ± 100%, which does not engender confidence in the ability to simulate Earth's climate very far into the future with state-of-the-art climate models... Read More
Effects of Warming on the Terrestrial Vegetation of Antarctica (14 Mar 2012)
Are they as negative as what is often predicted for Earth's other continents?... Read More
How Birds React to Climate Change in a Primeval Temperate Forest (14 Mar 2012)
The authors of this study conclude that "local birds are already prepared to cope with envisaged warming, suggesting that there is no need for new response mechanisms" to keep them from going extinct... Read More
Summit Surface Snow Temperatures of Greenland (20 Mar 2012)
Average Greenland snow temperature over the past 4000 years was -30.7°C, while the current decadal (2001-2010) surface temperature at the Greenland Summit is -29.9°C, which the authors of this report say is as warm as it was there in the 1930s-1940s... Read More
Larval Sponge Responses to Elevated Seawater Temperatures (20 Mar 2012)
The Australian scientists conducting the study state, "we demonstrated that sponge larvae maintain highly stable symbioses at seawater temperatures exceeding those that are predicted under current climate change scenarios"... Read More
Further Analyses of Hot and Cold Times on the Tibetan Plateau (20 Mar 2012)
Additional analyses of a temperature record described in an earlier paper reveal more items of embarrassment to climate alarmists... Read More
Effects of Climate Change on Antarctic Nematode Communities (20 Mar 2012)
According to the authors of this study, "the predicted climate changes are likely to exert a strong influence on nematode communities throughout Antarctica and will generally lead to increasing abundance, species richness, and food web complexity," which changes should be considered very desirable... Read More
Historical Simulations of an Astronomically-Based Climate Model vs. Those of the Global Circulation Models Promoted by the IPCC (21 Mar 2012)
All of the GCMs that were studied by the IPCC (2007) "seriously fail to properly reconstruct even the large multi-decadal oscillations found in the global surface temperature record," but Scafetta's astronomical empirical harmonic model is "capable of reconstructing and, more importantly, forecasting the decadal and multi-decadal oscillations found in the global surface temperature with a sufficiently good accuracy"... Read More
Carbon and Nitrogen Contents of Expanding Pinyon-Juniper Woodlands (21 Mar 2012)
CO2-driven expansion of trees onto sagebrush-steppe ecosystems greatly increases the amount of carbon that those ecosystems remove from the atmosphere and store in the plants that comprise them, and which they transfer to the soil beneath them for even more secure and voluminous storage... Read More
The Post-1950 Activity of Western North Pacific Tropical Cyclones (21 Mar 2012)
All things considered, it would appear that there is no compelling evidence for an increase (or decrease) in the long-term trend of category 4 and 5 TCs in the Western North Pacific, although Ren et al. acknowledge that further studies and analyses may yet be needed to fully put the question to rest... Read More
Accelerated Warming Accelerates Skylark Migrations (21 Mar 2012)
Close to a seven-fold increase in the rate-of-advancement of spring arrival-date for these birds was observed upon exceeding a biological "tipping point" temperature, illustrating that our fine feathered friends can and do cope exceedingly well with temperature change... Read More
Przewalski's Horses Die Over Gobi Winter - Climate Change or Effects of Captive Breeding? (21 Mar 2012)
Re-introduced Przewalski's horses suffered a severe population crash during the particularly snowy Mongolian winter of 2009/2010 but was this due to an extreme weather event exacerbated by climate change or because captive-bred animals were ill-equipped to survive the natural variations of their traditional habitat?... Read More
Extreme Temperature Occurrences in China: 1961-2008 (27 Mar 2012)
How have they changed? ... and to what extent have the changes been driven by urbanization? According to the authors of this study -- A LOT!... Read More
Effects of Elevated CO2 on Growth Rates of Three Coccolithophores (27 Mar 2012)
In a very simple and straightforward conclusion to their study, Fiorini et al. state that pCO2 effects "must be taken into account when predicting the fate of coccolithophores in the future ocean." And when they are taken into account, as demonstrated in this study, the devastating future that the world's climate alarmists generally portray to the public on this issue disappears from view... Read More
Does Too Little Nitrogen and Too Much Ozone Cancel the Benefits of the Aerial Fertilization Effect of Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment? (27 Mar 2012)
It has long been claimed they do. But do they?... Read More
Extreme Snow Events Throughout Central and Southern China (27 Mar 2012)
Climate-alarmists claim that all sorts of weather extremes will accompany CO2-induced global warming. In the present paper, the authors address whether extreme snow events are more or less frequent in warm or cold periods of the past 500 years... Read More
Rainfall Extremes Over India, 1951-2003 (27 Mar 2012)
Many of the findings of this paper appear to be at odds with the model-based projections of the IPCC with respect to future climate change impacts on Indian/Asian monsoon and rainfall extremes... Read More
Effects of Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment on Oceanic Carbon and Nitrogen Fixation (28 Mar 2012)
Some studies have suggested that the partial pressure of CO2 in the atmosphere "may be another possible limiting factor for N2 fixation and CO2 fixation." The present study, in contrast, indicates that as the atmosphere's CO2 concentration continues to rise, this phenomenon should boost the growth rates of marine diazotrophic cyanobacteria and enable them to make more nitrogen available to themselves and co-occurring species, which should ultimately act to significantly increase both the quantity and quality of the worldwide phytoplanktonic food base that ultimately supports all marine animal life... Read More
Major Extreme Climatic Events in China: 1956-2009 (28 Mar 2012)
Covering the period 1956-2009, this new analysis by Ren et al. (2011) shows that "in the context of significant global warming, the frequencies of the most harmful extreme climate events in mainland China have either significantly decreased or only marginally significantly increased, leading to an insignificant long-term trend"... Read More
Effects of Environmental Changes on Eco-Evolution in Animals (28 Mar 2012)
Are they highly unlikely? ... or are they next to inevitable?... Read More
A Century of Global Sea Level Change (28 Mar 2012)
Once again, it would appear that 20th-century sea level rise has not been in any way unusual, even over the most recent decade of supposedly unprecedented warmth... Read More