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September 2012 Archive of Scientific Literature Reviews

Heavy Precipitation Over the US: Has it Increased as Some have Predicted it Should? (4 September 2012)
The four scientists who conducted this report conclude by stating "we cannot definitively answer if the heavy precipitation in the US has been increasing in the past century." Yet they continue to repeat the ominous refrain that "GCM integrations suggest that it is very likely to increase in the future." Only time will tell... Read More
Summer Warming Impacts on Bees, Moths and Butterflies in Mountainous Northern Scandinavia (4 September 2012)
Have rising summer temperatures there been driving the flying insects towards extinction, as many have predicted should be the case?... Read More
Occasionally-Slowed Organismal Development in Low-pH Seawater (4 September 2012)
It is a confounding factor that can easily lead to erroneous conclusions regarding the effects of CO2-induced ocean acidification on calcifying marine organisms... Read More
How Ocean Acidification and Warming Impact Predator-Prey Relationships of Calcifying Organisms (4 September 2012)
Knowing the consequences of the two phenomena, individually or combined, for only one or the other of the two marine organisms is insufficient to divine the impact the predator organism may have on its prey in a CO2-enriched and warmer world... Read More
Delayed Snowmelt Reduces Rocky Mountain Ground Squirrel Populations (4 September 2012)
Over the last 20 years, late snowmelt in the Rocky Mountains has reduced a ground squirrel population via delayed emergence from hibernation... Read More
A Chinese Perspective on Corn-Ethanol Biofuels (5 September 2012)
China's Ministry of Agriculture has "insisted on developing biofuels without competing with grain for land," which policy has "substantially dampened the momentum of corn-ethanol development in China"... Read More
Effects of Long-Term Elevated CO2 on Net Photosynthesis and Dark Respiration Rates of Norway Spruce Needles (5 September 2012)
It works on both parameters to enhance plant biomass accumulation... Read More
Simulating the Present-Day Arctic Atmosphere (5 September 2012)
A comparison of observed data versus modeled output from the version 4 of the Community Climate System Model leaves much to be desired with respect to the future of climate modeling... Read More
The Airborne Fraction of Anthropogenic CO2 Emissions (5 September 2012)
In line with terrestrial ecosystems, Earth's oceans have been increasing their uptake rates of anthropogenic carbon in such a way as to successfully "keep up" with the rate at which the air's CO2 content has risen in response to historical anthropogenic carbon inputs... Read More
US East Coast Winter Storms: Are They Becoming More Extreme? (11 September 2012)
Climate alarmists claim that almost every type of storm has been getting more extreme as the planet warms. So how about this one?... Read More
Climate Change and Earth's Animal Life: Hormones to the Rescue! (11 September 2012)
The animate creatures that walk, crawl, swim or fly throughout their individual niches of the planet's biosphere are not without effective means of adjusting to global warming and its potential disruptions of contemporary weather patterns... Read More
Global vs. Local Stressors of Calcifying Organisms on Australia's Great Barrier Reef (11 September 2012)
Which is by far the most serious of the two types of stressors?... Read More
North Atlantic Storms: Medieval Warm Period vs. Little Ice Age (11 September 2012)
For this particular portion of the planet, it is clear that relative warmth, as opposed to relative coolness, typically leads to more extreme storms, which is just the opposite of what the world's climate alarmists continue to contend... Read More
Arctic Amplification and Extreme Weather (11 September 2012)
A paper by Francis and Vavrus (2012) links the Arctic Amplification- AA (the observed enhanced warming of high northern latitudes relative to northern hemisphere) to some of the recent extreme weather in the mid-latitudes of Europe and North America. However, it may still be quite some time before the many factors influencing extreme weather events, including an anthropogenic influence (if any), are understood and properly accounted for... Read More
The Long-Distance Gene Flow of Trees (12 September 2012)
Does it have the potential to enable forests to adequately cope with rapid climate change? In a word, yes -- "many tree species have evolved dispersal syndromes enabling the effective flow of genetic information across distant populations inhabiting contrasting environments," and these exchanges "may in the case of forest trees favor adaptation to changing climatic conditions, compensating for their long-generation time"... Read More
Acclimation of a Cold-Water Coral to Ocean Acidification (12 September 2012)
Rome wasn't built in a day; and neither did the transplanted coral adapt in an instant. But adapt it did!... Read More
Simulating Earth's Southern Ocean and Its Climate (12 September 2012)
How well - or how not so well - does the newest version (4) of the Community Climate System Model perform in this regard?... Read More
Another Take on the Airborne Fraction of Anthropogenic CO2 (12 September 2012)
What percentage of each year's CO2 emissions remain in the atmosphere?... Read More
Urban Heat Islands of the Anatolian Peninsula (18 September 2012)
They are illustrative of how easily this non-CO2-induced warming could be contributing to the life-sustaining molecule's bad reputation among climate alarmists... Read More
Evolution as the Basis for Coping with Climate Change (18 September 2012)
The two editors of a special issue of the journal Evolutionary Applications briefly describe nine papers that present the gist of what was discussed at two prior meetings devoted to evolution and biodiversity within the context of projected changes in the global environment... Read More
Spanish Reptiles in a Warming World (18 September 2012)
How are they coping with the climate-alarmist-decreed disaster? They have shifted northward since 1940 by 0.5 km/year, which is "similar to the magnitude of range shifts in other taxonomic groups." And such finding "could mean the probability of extinction associated with increases in temperature may be lower than expected"... Read More
The Dynamic Behavior of India's Chhota Shigri Glacier (18 September 2012)
Its recent behavior "challenges the generally accepted idea that glaciers in the Western Himalaya have been shrinking rapidly for the last few decades," as implied by Solomon et al. in the IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report... Read More
A Two-Millennia Temperature History of the Southwestern Corner of Canada's Yukon Territory (19 September 2012)
The evidence continues to accumulate for a likely warmer-than-present Medieval Warm Period... Read More
Are Earth's Estuaries Endangered More by the Local or Global Activities of Man? (19 September 2012)
A case study from Australia sheds new and far-reaching light on the question... Read More
Simulations of Seasonal Snow in the Upper Colorado River Basin (19 September 2012)
How good are they? In light of several less-than-enthusiastic findings reported in this study, it would appear that state-of-the-art RCMs still have a long, long way to go before they can be trusted to do what it is their intended mandate to do... Read More
The "Twin Evils" of the Radical Environmentalist Movement (19 September 2012)
Not only would large increases in atmospheric CO2 concentration and air temperature not be bad for the hydrology of California's San Joaquin watershed, they would likely be good for it, which is just the opposite of what the world's climate alarmists typically contend... Read More
Three and a Half Centuries of Droughts in the American Southeast (25 September 2012)
What do the data indicate about the region's vulnerability to this type of extreme weather? They demonstrate that "recent droughts are not unprecedented over the last 346 years," and that "droughts of extended duration occurred more frequently between 1696 and 1820," when most of the world was shivering in the midst of the Little Ice Age... Read More
The Thermal Optimality of Entire Ecosystems (25 September 2012)
If the world begins to warm again, for whatever reason, the bulk of the planet's vast array of ecosystems will likely become even more productive than they are today... Read More
First Generation Biofuels: Good or Bad for Man and the Biosphere? (25 September 2012)
The authors of this study conclude that "under current production systems, the negative impacts from biofuel production on phosphorus depletion appear to exceed the positive impacts on climate change mitigation." And, they add, "current targets for biofuels" - which they say can only be filled with first-generation biofuel sources, as described by the International Energy Agency (2008) - "will affect future food security and may have a net negative impact on future welfare"... Read More
The Little Ice Age in West Antarctica (25 September 2012)
It synchronous with the Little Ice Age in the Northern Hemisphere and "probably caused by a change in solar and volcanic forcing"... Read More
Increasing Drought Under Global Warming? (25 September 2012)
The debate continues to rage on... Read More
Antioxidant Enzyme Responses of Winter Wheat to Drought Stress (26 September 2012)
How are they impacted by a doubling of the air's CO2 content? In the present study the authors observed "changes in enzyme activity" that "indicated that enhanced CO2 concentration delayed the development of drought stress up to first node appearance, and stimulated antioxidant enzyme activity when drought occurred during ripening, thus reducing the unfavorable effects of [drought] stress"... Read More
Chipping Away at the Hockeystick (26 September 2012)
The consistent and continuous acquisition of new palaeo-climatic data demonstrates ever more convincingly that the IPCC claim that the Earth is currently warmer than it has been at any other time throughout the past millennium or more is most probably false... Read More
Greening of the Arctic Tundra (26 September 2012)
As Arctic temperatures have risen over the past four decades, so too has the growth of various forms of the region's vegetation... Read More
CO2 Effects on Tropical Marine Fish Embryos and Larvae (26 September 2012)
"Contrary to expectations," the results of this study indicated that "CO2-induced acidification up to the maximum values likely to be experienced over the next 100 years had no noticeable effect on embryonic duration, egg survivorship and size at hatching for A. percula, and tended to have a positive effect on the length and weight of larvae"... Read More