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Climate Change Reconsidered II: Biological Impacts

Climate Change Reconsidered II: Biological Impacts is an independent, comprehensive, and authoritative report on the impacts of climate change on plants, terrestrial animals, aquatic life, and human well-being. It is the fifth in a series of scholarly reports produced by the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC), an international network of climate scientists sponsored by three nonprofit organizations: Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global Change, Science and Environmental Policy Project (SEPP), and The Heartland Institute.

Previous volumes in the Climate Change Reconsidered series were published in 2008, 2009, 2011 and 2013.

Whereas the reports of the United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warn of a dangerous human effect on climate, NIPCC concludes the human effect is likely to be small relative to natural variability, and whatever small warming is likely to occur will produce benefits as well as costs.

Climate Change Reconsidered II consists of three parts: part one titled Physical Science, part two titled Biological Impacts, and part three titled Human Welfare, Energy, and Policies. Part one was released on September 17-18, 2013 in Chicago, Illinois USA, part two was released in March 2014, and part three will be released in April of 2014. Although this report is available for free download and viewing, donations are encouraged to help ensure the similar dissemination of future reports. Additional information about the report, press releases, and other media information can be found by clicking here. Or, to read the report, click on the appropriate link below.

Front Cover   JPG (1.7 MB)

Summary for Policymakers   PDF (1.1 MB)

Front Matter (Foreword, Table of Contents, Executive Summary, and Introduction)   PDF (0.2 MB)

Chapter 1. Carbon Dioxide, Plants and Soils   PDF (1.5 MB)

Chapter 2. Plant Characteristics   PDF (1.1 MB)

Chapter 3. Plants Under Stress   PDF (1.2 MB)

Chapter 4. Earth's Vegetative Future   PDF (1.8 MB)

Chapter 5. Terrestrial Animals   PDF (1.2 MB)

  Chapter 6. Aquatic Life   PDF (1.9 MB)

Chapter 7. Human Health   PDF (0.6 MB)

Appendix 1: Acronyms   PDF (0.1 MB)

Appendix 2: Authors, Contributors, and Reviewers   PDF (0.1 MB)

Appendix 3: Plant Dry Weight Responses to Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment    PDF (0.2 MB)

Appendix 4: Plant Photosynthesis Responses to Atmospheric CO2 Enrichment    PDF (0.2 MB)

Back Cover   JPG (1.4 MB)

Full Report   PDF (8.9 MB)